Structural racism may be the dominant intellectual framework for understanding race and racism, but it’s not the only one. Greta Snyder prefers what she calls a complex systems framework. She contends that an approach rooted in complex systems thinking may motivate more action and activism to combat racism. Here Dr. Snyder here.
Greta Fowler Snyder, “Absolving Responsibility and Dampening Activism?: The Structural Racism Framework, Democratic Motivation, and the Complex Systems Alternative” New Political Science